Generic name: bismuth subsalicylate (BIZ muth sub sa LISS i late)
Brand name: Bismarex, Bismatrol, Bismatrol Maximum Strength, Kaopectate, Kola-Pectin DS, Peptic Relief, Pepto-Bismol, Percy Medicine, Pink Bismuth, Soothe Caplets
Drug class: Antidiarrheals
Kaopectate is used to treat diarrhea, nausea, heartburn, indigestion, gas, or upset stomach.
Kaopectate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You should not use Kaopectate if you have bleeding problems, a stomach ulcer, blood in your stools, or if you are allergic to aspirin or other salicylates.
Do not give this medicine to a child or teenager with a fever, flu symptoms, or chickenpox.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use Kaopectate if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- black or bloody stools;
- a stomach ulcer;
- bleeding problems; or
- if you are allergic to salicylates such as aspirin, Doan's Extra Strength, Salflex, Tricosal, and others.
Do not give this medicine to a child or teenager with a fever, flu symptoms, or chickenpox. Salicylates can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if this medicine is safe to use if you have:
- mucus in your stools; or
- if you currently have a fever.
Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 12 years old without medical advice.
How should I take Kaopectate?
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Shake the oral suspension (liquid) before you measure a dose. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).
You must chew the chewable tablet before you swallow it.
Drink plenty of liquids while you are taking Kaopectate.
Do not take more than 8 doses in one day (24 hours).
Call your doctor if you still have diarrhea after 2 days of using Kaopectate.
This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Kaopectate.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Since Kaopectate is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it's almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.
Do not take more than 8 doses per day.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose symptoms may include weakness, depression, anxiety, feeling irritable, problems with balance or coordination, confusion, tremors, or jerky muscle movements.
What should I avoid while taking Kaopectate?
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before taking other antacids or diarrhea medicine, or taking medicine that may contain a salicylate (such as aspirin, salsalate, magnesium salicylate, choline salicylate, diflunisal, Ecotrin, Tricosal, Trilisate, and others).
Kaopectate side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop taking Kaopectate and call your doctor at once if you have:
- changes in behavior with nausea and vomiting;
- hearing loss or ringing in your ears;
- diarrhea lasting longer than 2 days; or
- worsened stomach symptoms.
Kaopectate can cause you to have a black or darkened tongue. This is a harmless side effect.
Common side effects include:
- constipation; or
- dark colored stools.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect Kaopectate?
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using Kaopectate with any other medications, especially:
- arthritis medicine;
- gout medicine;
- insulin or oral diabetes medications; or
- a blood thinner--warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect Kaopectate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.