Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

Fatty liver, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a condition in which there is an accumulation of excess fat in the liver cells. This condition is becoming increasingly common and is often associated with obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. There are two types of fatty liver disease: alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AFLD is caused by excessive alcohol consumption, while NAFLD is caused by factors such as obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. Fatty liver disease can be asymptomatic, meaning that there may be no noticeable symptoms. However, some people may experience fatigue, abdominal discomfort, and an enlarged liver. To correct fatty liver disease, lifestyle modifications are often recommended. These include: 1. Weight loss: Losing weight can help reduce the amount of fat in the liver. A weight loss of 5-10% of total body weight can be beneficial. 2. Diet: A healthy diet that is low in saturated and trans fats and high in fiber, fruits, and vegetables can help improve liver health. 3. Exercise: Regular exercise can help improve insulin resistance and reduce the amount of fat in the liver. 4. Avoidance of alcohol: If you have AFLD, it is important to avoid alcohol completely. 5. Management of underlying conditions: If you have underlying conditions such as diabetes or high cholesterol, it is important to manage these conditions to prevent further damage to the liver. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage fatty liver disease. However, lifestyle modifications are often the first line of treatment. It is important to speak with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for your individual situation.